The Excel SUMIF function allows the user a way to summarize data from one column by using criteria from a different column. The syntax and an example are as follows:
=SUMIF([Criteria Cell Range], [Criteria Value], [Number Range])
=SUM(A1:A250, “OfficeSupplies”, B1:B250)
For an example, suppose that the column A contains categories, and column B contains a numerical amount, and that a summary is needed per category. Assume that data starts on Row 1 and continues to Row 50.
To summarize only the Category “Cat1”, add the following formula to any cell, (besides where the data is):
=SUMIF(A1:A50, “Cat1”, B1:B50)
The same can be done for the other categories by substituting the middle parameter with a different category code. Visit the Help file to learn about similar functions like SUMIF, COUNTIF, and AVERAGEIF.
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